Araria is located at 26°09′N 87°31′E26.15°N 87.52°E. It has an average elevation of 47 metres (154 feet).
Araria is situated at the northern part of Purnia and Madhepura in Bihar. Borders of Araria are surrounded by Nepal in northern side, Kishanganj in eastern side and Supaul at south-west side. The district came into existence by division of Purnia district on Makar Sankranti day of 1990.
District border is adjacent to border of Nepal, so the district is important in terms of security.
Jogbani is the last point of Araria and after that Morang district of Nepal starts.
Both rail and road links are available. Araria contains two bus terminals one at “Zero Mile” and second in the city. Buses for most of the districts of Bihar are available as well as for internal villages and blocks too. NH 57 runs through the district.
Railways is in the form of [Broad-gauge].Which is newly built.This broad gauge service has been inaugurated by Union RLY Minister Mr. Laloo Prasad Yadav on 5 June 2008. Now tri-weekly trains are available from Jogbani to Kolkata via Katihar. Katihar is a big and important junction from there trains to all important cities of India are available.
Distance from Purnia : 42 km.
Nearest Airport :Bagdogra, West Bengal
Distance from Nepal : 42 km.
Health and medical facility of this district is very poor, it’s a pity that even after Araria formed as district in 1990, the District Hospital is in dilapidated state and most of the people of district go to nearby district Purnea for treatment. Now in field of health “health, society and Mission” is working. The prevalent diseases of this zone are Kalazar, leprosy, gastritis, osteoarthritis etc. And at present this district is struggling with the flood and disease.
In this dist. basically Hindu and Muslim population exists.In Araria at north east corner of the town a famous temple is Kali Mandir made by a reynold Dr.B.Kumar.
As of 2001 India census, Araria had a population of 60,594. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Araria has an average literacy rate of 50%, lower than the national average of 59.5%; with 62% of the males and 38% of females literate. 18% of the population is under 6 years of age.