Begusarai is a city and a municipality in Begusarai district in the state of Bihar, India. It was named after the caretaker of one of the inns (known as SARAI in Hindi) established by Sher Shah for the travellers. The caretaker of this place was BEGU. Begusarai.
Begusarai is located at 25°25′N 86°08′E25.42°N 86.13°E. It has an average elevation of 41 metres (134 feet). It covers the area of 878square km and population of 26 lakh.
The 2001 census count placed the Begusarai population at 23,42,989 as on the first of March. The population has grown at an annual average rate of 2.9%. There are many stages in the demographic transition beginning with a declining mortality and continuing fertility to a stage where both mortality and fertility rates decline more or less at the same rate and keep the population stable over a period of time.
Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Begusarai has an average literacy rate of 65%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 59% of the males and 41% of females literate. 15% of the population is under 6 years of age.
No. of Sub-Division: 5
No. of Blocks: 18
No. of Panchayats: 257
No. of Revenue Villages: 1229
No. of Habitations: 1198
Begusarai is known as the Industrial Town of Bihar. There are many Ancillary Industries here. The three main Industries are Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL), Barauni Thermal Power Station (BTPS),Hindustan Fertilizer Corporation Limited (HFCL).
Barauni Junction is an important Railhead.
The famous Hindi Poet Ramdhari Singh ‘Dinkar’ belonged to Begusarai. His birthplace is Simaria village. Eminent Historian Ram Sharan Sharma belongs to Begusarai. The present Honourable Governor of Sikkim , India, Shri Balmiki Prasad Singh belongs to this Place. People mainly speak Hindi and a local variant of Angika.
All colleges are affiliated to L.N.Mithila University, Darbhanga. Most famous colleges are Ganesh Dutt College, Cooperative College, Mahila College. Some of the renowned schools are St. Paul’s School, B R DAV (IOC), KV IOC, DAV Itwa Nagar, Cyberschool etc.
Places to See
Simaria Ghat: (not to be confused with Simaria village) It is most famous ghat throughout Mithila region. People from far and wide come here to take holy dip in river ganges.
Type Area (Hectare)
Total irrigated land 74,225.57
Orch. etc. 5,000
Kharif Paddy 22,000
Garma Paddy 10,000
Irrigated • Permanent : 6,384.29
• Seasonal : 4,866.37
Wasteland and non arable 2,118v
Natural Water Sources
Begusarai district is located in the middle Ganga plain. Main rivers are Burhi Gandak, Balan, Bainty, Baya and Chandrabhaga.
Kaver Jheel one of Asia’s largest freshwater lakes, also famous for bird’s sanctuary.
No minerals of economic importance
Mostly by Tubwells
This district does not comprise any forest. In contrast to the eastern portions of the old district of Munger, this district lying south to the Ganga does not comprise any forest of sal and other large trees. At most of the places, there are gardens of mango and litchi. Chakmuzaffar a village of Naokothi block is famous for banana. Apart from these, Babul, Neem, Guava, Lemon, Gamahar, Peepal, Bamboo, shirish are also found. Shisham is one of the most important ones of them.
Wild animals are scarcely found in this district. However, birds are seen in large numbers in various colours, particularly in the bird sanctuary of Kaver Lake. As of now 59 types of birds from abroad and 107 types of birds from home have been recognized.