July 11, 2024

The Bihar

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Madhubani is a town and a municipality in Madhubani district in the Indian state of Bihar. It is the district head quarters. It lies 26km northeast of Darbhanga town and was part of the erstwhile ‘Darbhanga Raj’, the largest zamindari of India. The word “Madhubani” means “Forest of honey”. Madhubani is the cultural heart of Mithilanchal, being the birthplace of many literary people and home to Madhubani Paintings.

Madhubani Town is located at 26°22′N 86°05′E26.37°N 86.08°E. It has an average elevation of 56 metres (183 feet).

Block of Madhubani District
Madhubani Sadar (Known As Rahika), Pandaul, Bisfi, Jayanagar, Ladaniya, Lukha, Janjharpur, Benipatti, Rajnagar, Andhra Thadi

As of 2001 India census, Madhubani Town had a population of 66,285. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Madhubani Town has an average literacy rate of 58%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 67%, and female literacy is 49%. In Madhubani Town , 16% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Language and Culture

  • Maithili
  • Hindi
  • Urdu


  • Kosi River approximateky the eastern boundary.
  • Kamla-balan from Jayanagar town in north to Kosi in south-east corner of the district.
  • Bhutahi-balan, a minor river in the east which swells enormously in rainy seasons.
  • Adhwara or little Baghmati in west of the district : it is a group of many small rivers which fall into Kareh or Main Baghmati.

There are many old cases of Kamla which swell in rainy seasons. All these rivers ultimately fall into the Kosi which then falls into the Ganges.

Among the greatest literary people born in Madhubani

  • Vachaspati I (9th century) at Andhara-Thadhi village
  • Vachaspati II (15th century) at Samaul village
  • Mahakavi Vidyapati at Bisfi village

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